The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. The Australian sea lion and Australian and New Zealand fur seals are the only species that breed on and around Australia’s main-land and nearshore islands. Let’s sort out the taxonomy first. How can you tell the two apart? Seals have more oxygen in their blood than just about any animal on land, which enables these feats. California sea lions are the "trained seal" of marine parks and circuses. While they may not be able to swim for as long as seals, they are still quite adept in the water, being capable of diving as deep as 900 feet and remaining underwater for at least half an hour. The captured bird is thrashed about on the water until its skin peels away. Kristen Dell, National Geographic Society, Sheryl Hasegawa, National Geographic Society Start learning with a free trial at https://skl.sh/tierzoo7Check out Mike's video here! Besides, when swimming, the seal mainly uses the hind According […], Scientists typically refer to the rise in global average temperature and the associated effects on Earth’s climate with the term […], Triacetone triperoxide (TATP) is a powerful explosive without military use because it is very sensitive to mechanical shock and so […], For most people, amphibians (e.g. 2. 4. National Geographic Headquarters When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Seals lack an external ear flap whereas sea lions have an external ear flap that is visible. They have external ears, hind flippers they can turn forward under the body and walk on and no fur on the under side of their flippers. “The fact that I seem to prefer seals over any other animal brides is something I actually hadn’t realized until this moment. The other resident eared seal is the Steller, or Northern, sea lion (), a federally How Many Months Of The Year Have 28 Days? We know that leopard seals are large, formidable predators, but exactly what they’re doing below the waterline has long remained a mystery. In brief, sea lions are capable of walking on all fours, tend to be a little larger, and have discernable ear flaps. In terms of communication, seals tend to be quieter than sea lions. Seals are much more quiet than the vocal sea lions and only move on land by wiggling on their bellies, whereas sea lions are able to “walk” using their flippers. Sea lions and fur seals (seals with thick fur that are more similar to sea Also, sea lions are just plain noisy, whereas seals are a bit quieter. A quick look at Youtube says yeas they do. Which will dominate in a confrontation? 10 leopard seal facts that may surprise you If your thirst for adventure leads you to Antarctica, you may be lucky enough to cross paths with a leopard seal while you’re there. There are 18 species of true seals, according to Seals World. Pinnipeds are those animals that spend a lot of time on both the shore of a landmass and in the ocean, and they include walruses along with sea lions and seals. Their loose jaw can open as far as 160 All Rights Reserved. Seals have stubby front flippers, which means they have to scoot along on their stomachs when on land. Plastic has become an essential material for our life, from […], You may be wondering how many months of the year only have 28 days in them. They communicate through quieter grunts and whines than sea-lions, who are known for their loud barks. Before diving, seals get rid of all oxygen within their lungs, which helps them avoid a condition called “the bends” while diving, which is the formation of gas bubbles in the blood when rapidly ascending to the surface. Give each student a copy of the worksheet Seals and Sea Lions: Compare and Contrast. It's even possible that a seal might to try to reproduce with a sea lion. Seal pups are raised for between 4 to 5 weeks, at which point they can fend for themselves and their mothers leave them to mate once more. They tend to be cryptic […], In most East and Southeast Asia countries, mosaic crop production systems usually consist of relatively small land holdings ( < […], It is clear that we cannot live without plastic anymore. By contrast, seals flop and scoot around on their stomachs while on land and don’t have noticeable ear flaps. Want more Science Trends? (Possible answers: Seals do not have ear openings; sea lions do. 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Ask students to predict which of these marine mammals could move most easily on land (sea lions). frogs and salamanders) are not a part of everyday life. If you have ever seen an Using Crittercam® scientists try to learn about the leopard seal's hunting tactics. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Also, sea lions are just plain noisy, whereas seals are a bit quieter. Female mammals produce milk to feed their offspring. © 2020 Science Trends LLC. Christina Riska Simmons, Mary C. Cahill, Middle School Science Coordinator, The Potomac School, McLean, VA, Special thanks to the National Geographic Museum, adapted from National Geographic “Crittercam Educator Activities”. The pinniped suborder has 33 species in three families. Sea lions are very vocal in comparison to seals, capable of making a wide range of barking and grunting noises. The large groups they mate in are an exception to their otherwise fairly solitary lifestyle. Want to know more? Seals vs Sea lions: The taxonomy of seal-ish things All of these things are pinnipeds – a sub-group of the order Carnivora. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. Leopard seals have unique cheek teeth that are shaped to allow them to strain krill from the water. Like seals, they are solitary hunters, though they are quite social while on land and inhabit colonies of sea lions which can be up to 1500 individuals large. This comes in handy during the mating season when the male sea lions will compete for territory (and thus breeding partners) by roaring and barking at one another, attempting to frighten each other off. Seals have shorter front flippers; sea lions have longer front flippers.) While they are often food for sharks, they are also deadly predators, especially in the cold climates like Antarctica. When comparing a sea lion vs. seal you can spot the difference a few ways, one of which is the lack or presence of an ear. The trade-off for this is that they aren’t as mobile on land, having to squirm along the ground using their abdominal muscles. Leopard seals are second only amongst seal species to elephant seals in terms of size. (50 t… 6. They can be found all around the globe, from subarctic water to warmer tropical waters. That’s the short answer, but let’s go over the two animals in more detail, as it will help distinguish the two from one another. Don’t say goodbye. The also hunt Hump Backed Whale calves, and Great White Sharks. There are currently six extant species of sea lions in the world: Stellar’s sea lion, Australian sea lions, South American sea lions, New Zealand sea lions, the California sea lions, and the Galapagos sea lions. Seals are quieter, vocalizing via soft grunts. Give each student a copy of the worksheet Seals and Sea Lions: Compare All are carnivores that hunt at sea — often for fish and squid — and breed on land; mostly in large, noisy colonies. It’s understandable since their names and appearance have certain similarities. Females are much smaller, but still weigh more than a car at 2,000 lbs. Watch and discuss the video.Show students the video of leopard seals. Show them the photo gallery of harbor seals, leopard seals, and California sea lions. The ringed seal is … 1. Seals also are suited to spend more time in the water than sea lions, which can "walk" on shore with their large flippers and spend time in large social groups. They have external ears, hind flippers they can turn forward under the body and walk on and no fur on the under side of their flippers. Have you ever been confused by the difference between sea lions and seals? Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. Distribute the worksheet and have students identify similarities. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. Sea lions are much more vocal than seals, have visible ear flaps, have more defined “legs” that allow them to walk on land, and are more social than seals. The general size of a sea lion will vary depending on its habitat. The family phocidae is made up of the 'true seals' and contains species such as the leopard seal and the southern elephant seal. When comparing a sea lion vs. seal you can spot the difference a few ways, one of which is the lack or presence of an ear. PLA22-21 The Antarctic Peninsula Basecamp cruise offers you a myriad of ways to explore and enjoy the Antarctic Region. Show them the photo gallery of harbor seals, leopard seals, and California sea lions.2. A sea lion’s ability to vocalize also helps a mother find her own pup in a thick crowd of other sea lion pups. Have students identify differences.Have students find at least two features that differ in seals and sea lions. It’s important that a female sea lion is able to find her own pup because they often leave them for up to days at a time to go hunting for food, at least after the first two weeks after the pup is born. However, the leopard seal has those predator jaws and is used to killing penguins and other seals. Sea lions (and seals) go through a protracted pregnancy period, with the females carrying their young in utero for approximately 340 days. We're sorry to hear that! Eared seals include fur seals and sea lions. Leopard Seal This article is about the character. Have students write a paragraph summarizing the information they find. Fourth, while both species spend time both in and out of the water, seals are better adapted to live in the water than on land. And then, As the leopard seal is trying to get back onto the ice, The orca uses it’s massive jaws to bring it down into the sea. Pinnipeds are split into three families – True Seals (Phocidae); Eared Seals (Otariidae) and the Walrus (the sole member of Odobenidae). Seals generally mate freely with one another, and the males of seal species typically don’t help rear young. They share their Otariidae family with their fur seal cousins (again, not true seals). New Zealand examples include the leopard seal and southern elephant seal. Classifying organisms into different groups than just about any animal on land than true seals, leopard seals, can... For as long from light to dark brown and vocalize with the notable sea lion `` bark '' | of... List at least two features that seals and sea lions are just plain noisy, seals... Thomas Hobbes was famous ( infamous?, though animals like fur seals 160 '' Remember,. Has a leopard seal vs sea lion pointed nose human beings necessarily always act in their blood than just about animal. In shoving matches, slamming into each other it 's even Possible a... 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