In tropical and subtropical areas, the Chinese hibiscus (H. rosa-sinensis), with its many showy hybrids, is the most popular hibiscus. Nov 3, 2017 - Hibiscus Mrs George Davis (Common Name – Kona) crimsoneyed rosemallow HIMOO: Hibiscus moscheutos L. var. Auch als Tee werden die Hibiskusblüten eingesetzt. The hibiscus flower is traditionally worn by Tahitian and Hawaiian girls. hibiscus definition: 1. a tropical plant or bush with large, brightly coloured flowers 2. a tropical plant or bush with…. The bark of the hibiscus contains strong bast fibres that can be obtained by letting the stripped bark set in the sea to let the organic material rot away. (2005), E.Ernst. The only infestation that gardeners need to be vigilant about is mealybug. Many believe, it comes from India. Hibiscus is widely known for its attractive flowers which lack fragrance. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from October to November. Mahmoud et al. Botanical Name : Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis Family Name : Malvaceae Common Name : Hibiscus Flower, Lipstick Flower, China Rose, Shoeback Plant, Kinaros, Aute. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Nobody knows whether the hibiscus really is a native of China as its latin name, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, (rosa-sinensis = Chinese Rose) suggests or not. Die Gattung Hibiscus wurde 1753 durch Carl von Linné in Species Plantarum, Tomus 2, Seite 693 aufgestellt. Genus. J Ethnopharmacol. ex Hiern — The Plant List", "Plant use of the Maasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya", "Hibiscus sabdariffa L. – A phytochemical and pharmacological review", "Kali Puja 2018: Date, Puja time, Significance And Foods To Celebrate The Festival", "Ganesh Chaturthi 2020: Quotes, wishes and messages which you can send to your family and friends on Vinayaka Chaturthi - Times of India", "What you didn't know about Korea's national flower : Korea.net : The official website of the Republic of Korea", Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hibiscus&oldid=998831679, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 06:41. (2007), N.Vasudeva & S.K.Sharma. Die meist einfachen Blattspreiten sind bei manchen Arten gelappt. — The Plant List", "Hibiscus acerifolius DC. In this article, you will find out tips for growing and caring for rose of Sharon shrubs. The beverage is well known for its red colour, tartness and unique flavour. Dahab. Inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts of Hibiscus sabdariffa on contractility of the rat bladder and uterus. In temperate zones, probably the most commonly grown ornamental species is Hibiscus syriacus, the common garden hibiscus, also known in some areas as the "rose of Althea" or "rose of Sharon" (but not to be confused with the unrelated Hypericum calycinum, also called "rose of Sharon"). The most popular variety is Hibiscus sabdariffa. Several species of Ya Tang, Michael G. Gilbert, Laurence J. Dorr: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 28. [4][5], Several species are widely cultivated as ornamental plants, notably Hibiscus syriacus and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.[6]. It is the national flower of South Korea and is mentioned in the South Kor… Cultivated varieties have red, white, yellow, or orange flowers. — The Plant List", "Hibiscus abyssinicus Steud. Medicinal plants for women’s healthcare in Southeast Asia: a meta-analysis of their traditional use, chemical constituents, and pharmacology. The tropical Chinese hibiscus, or China rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), which may reach a height of 4.5 metres (15 feet), rarely exceeds 2 metres (6.5 feet) in cultivation. It can also be candied and used as a garnish, usually for desserts.[25]. No wild populations of this plant have been found in modern times. The word "hibiscus" (marsh mallow) is derived by way of Latin from the Greek word hibisko. The splayed back form of the petals only serves to emphasise … [2] Mit Eibisch werden im deutschsprachigen Raum außer der Gattung Hibiskus auch die Gattungen Althaea und Abelmoschus (Bisameibisch) sowie die Art Echter Eibisch (Althaea officinalis) bezeichnet. [29] These findings have not been observed in humans. [33] Additionally, co-administration of Karkade (H. sabdariffa), a common Sudanese beverage, was found to reduce chloroquine bioavailability. This perennial shrub with its striking, large, lemon-yellow flowers and velvety leaves is perfect as an informal border or as a centrepiece in a small garden. [3][4] Synonyme für Hibiscus .mw-parser-output .Person{font-variant:small-caps}L. nom. Part Used : Leaves And Flowers. USA USA ©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US Die fünffächerigen Kapselfrüchte öffnen sich fachspaltig = lokulizid. L. Hibiskus ( Hibiscus) – auf Deutsch auch Eibisch – ist eine Pflanzengattung in der Unterfamilie Malvoideae innerhalb der Familie der Malvengewächse (Malvaceae). — The Plant List", "Hibiscus acapulcensis Fryxell — The Plant List", "Hibiscus acerifolius Salisb. Hibiscus : Other Source(s): Source: Malvales of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Hibiscus acetosella: False Roselle, African rosemallow, Cranberry Hibiscus: Annual/Perennial: 0.0: 9-11 LMH: N: M: 2: 0 : Hibiscus cannabinus: Kenaf, Brown Indianhemp: Annual/Perennial: 1.8 Sun; Coastal; Feature; Hedge; Container; Flowering Season. If the flower is worn behind the left ear, the woman is married or has a boyfriend. Chinesischer Roseneibisch (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), Hibiskus (Hibiscus) – auf Deutsch auch Eibisch – ist eine Pflanzengattung in der Unterfamilie Malvoideae innerhalb der Familie der Malvengewächse (Malvaceae). Die fünf Kronblätter überdecken sich in der Knospenlage gedreht („contort“); sie sind mit ihrer Basis ebenfalls mit der Columna verwachsen. Probably a native of Fiji, but possibly present elsewhere; it is awaiting identification. One of the most popular is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis which originated in China.Hibiscus has a large flower that contains hundreds of species native to tropical, subtropical and warmer temperate areas of the w… Common names: Hibiscus also is known as karkade, red tea, red sorrel, Jamaica sorrel, rosella, soborodo (Zobo drink), Karkadi, roselle, and sour tea. To protect the plant you need to trim away the infected part, spray with water, and apply an appropriate pesticide. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is described as having a number of medical uses in Indian Ayurveda. Some of the popular common names of the plant are China rose, Chinese hibiscus, Hawaiian hibiscus, Hibiscus, Rose-of-China, Shoeblack plant, Chinese roos, Common Red, Double rose-hibiscus, Hibiscus ‘Lipstick’, Shoe flower, Shoe-back Plant and Tropical Hibiscus. [10][11] Indikationen wie Erkältungen, Kreislaufbeschwerden, Ekzeme, mildes Laxans sowie Appetitanregung sind nicht belegt, aber in der Volksmedizin weit verbreitet. Die zwittrigen Blüten sind radiärsymmetrisch und fünfzählig. The hardy hibiscus is a cold hardy plant despite bearing large blooms that call to mind the tropics. The plant is self-fertile. Verwendet werden die zur Fruchtzeit geernteten, getrockneten Kelche und Außenkelche von Hibiscus sabdariffa. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus. Oktober 2020 um 20:12 Uhr bearbeitet. In healthy human volunteers, the H. sabdariffa extract was found to reduce the excretion of diclofenac upon co-administration. As it comes in a variety of colors, it's a plant which can add vibrancy to any garden. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, commonly called Chinese hibiscus, is a frost tender evergreen that is probably native to tropical Asia. There are about 20 species in Fiji, and they are unusual in that they are derived entirely from a flower-feeding group. HIPL2: Hibiscus platanoides Greene: Classification. Herbal medicinal products during pregnancy: are they safe? It is known as bissap in West Africa, "Gul e Khatmi" in Urdu & Persian, agua de jamaica in Mexico and Central America (the flower being flor de jamaica) and Orhul in India. In the Philippines, the gumamela (local name for hibiscus) is used by children as part of a bubble-making pastime. HIBISCUS ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA A common name for Hibiscus in Ayurvedic texts is Japa. Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Hibiscus acetosella: False Roselle, African rosemallow, Cranberry Hibiscus: Annual/Perennial: 0.0: 9-11 LMH: N: M: 2: 0 : Hibiscus cannabinus: Kenaf, Brown Indianhemp: Annual/Perennial: 1.8 [6] Die darin enthaltenen Säuren wie z. Was wir in Deutschland als Hibiskustee bezeichnen, ist indessen in der Regel ein Gebräu aus der Spezies Hibiscus sabdariffa. Es ist meist ein Außenkelch vorhanden, der fünf oder mehr Lappen aufweisen kann. Gray: HILE4: Hibiscus leucophyllus Shiller: HIMOL: Hibiscus moscheutos L. ssp. [8][9] Auch in Fernost sagt man ihm eine blutdrucksenkende Wirkung nach, und in der afrikanischen Volksmedizin wird Hibiskus ebenfalls als Tee eingesetzt. 151(2): 747-767. It was given the epithet syriacus because it had been collected from gardens in Syria. Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring. Flower colour in certain species, such as H. mutabilis and H. tiliaceus, changes with age. In Ghana, the drink is known as soobolo in one of the local languages. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as Chinese hibiscus, China rose, Hawaiian hibiscus, rose mallow and shoeblackplant, is a species of tropical hibiscus, a flowering plant in the Hibisceae tribe of the family Malvaceae. This large shrub or small tree grows to 15 feet high. Der deutschsprachige Trivialname Eibisch (mittelhochdeutsch ībesch(e), althochdeutsch ībisca) stammt aus dem Altgriechischen (ἰβίσκος ibískos), das seinerseits vermutlich aus dem Keltischen stammt. 109: 227-235. Common Name: Swamp Hibiscus: Family: Malvaceae: USDA hardiness: 9-11: Known Hazards: Some caution should be observed when using this plant because there is a report that it might be used to procure abortions. Die je nach Autor 200 bis 675 Arten gedeihen hauptsächlich in … Common Name: Chinese Hibiscus, Shoeblackplant, Hawaiian Hibiscus, Tropical Hibiscus, China Rose, Rose-of-China, S: Family: Malvaceae: USDA hardiness: 9-11: Known Hazards: Do not use during pregnancy or if planning children. [39] Hibiscus brackenridgei is the state flower of Hawaii. They also go by such common names as rose mallows and swamp mallows. Hibiscus varieties are immensely popular in gardening, and range from annuals to perennials, hardy to tropical, and large shrubs to smaller plants. It is postulated that H. sabdariffa interacts with diclofenac, chloroquine and acetaminophen by altering the pharmacokinetics. [41], A.M.Fouda, M.Y.Daba & G.M. Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie named her first novel Purple Hibiscus after the delicate flower. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Hibiscus. Hibiscus moscheutos L. Hibiscus moscheutos L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Hibiscus (family Malvaceae). Die Hibiscus-Arten wachsen als einjährige bis ausdauernde krautige Pflanzen, Halbsträucher, Sträucher und Bäume. betulifolius Mast. Wissenschaftlicher Name. The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is used as a vegetable. However, the flowering plant originates in China and the Far East. — The Plant List", "Hibiscus abelmoschus var. Hibiscus flowers come in many colors. Habitats: Mainly by the coast, especially near rainforests, occasionally on disturbed ground in Australia in New South Wales and Queensland[152]. It is native to wet spots (marshes, swamps, floodplains, river banks, moist meadows, and moist woods) from Ontario and Massachusetts south to Ohio, Indiana, Alabama and Florida. The species Hibiscus suratensis Linn synonymous to Hibiscus aculeatus G. Don is noted in Visayas in the Philippines as being a souring ingredient for almost all local vegetables and menus. The genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees. Known as labog in the Visayan area, (or labuag/sapinit in Tagalog), the species is an ingredient in cooking native chicken soup. B. Zitronensäure, Apfelsäure, Weinsäure und Hibiskussäure (Allohydroxyzitronensäurelacton) ergeben den säuerlichen Geschmack. There is a huge variety of hibiscus plants with a lot of differing qualities, but they all have certain characteristics in common. Common names: hibiscus, sun hibiscus, lemon-yellow rosemallow (Eng. [14], Pharmazeutische und toxikologische Aspekte. B. Delphinidin und Cyanidin färben den Teeaufguss dunkelrot. — The Plant List", "Hibiscus acetosella Welw. [27][28], While the mechanism is not well understood, previous animal studies have demonstrated both an inhibitory effect of H. sabdariffa on muscle tone and the anti-fertility effects of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, respectively. Hollow papaya stalks are then dipped into this and used as straws for blowing bubbles. genuinus Hochr. Es sind Nebenblätter vorhanden. In Jamaica, Trinidad and many other islands in the Caribbean, the drink is known as sorrel (Hibiscus sabdariffa; not to be confused with Rumex acetosa, a species sharing the common name sorrel). [30][31][32] Due to the documented adverse effects in animal studies and the reported pharmacological properties, the H. sabdariffa and H.rosa-sinensis are not recommended for use during pregnancy.[32]. It is a perennial and flowers through the year. Effects of Water Extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa, Linn (Malvaceae) ‘Roselle’ on Excretion of a Diclofenac Formulation. occidentalis (Torr.) Several hundred species are known, including: Many species are grown for their showy flowers or used as landscape shrubs, and are used to attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.[23]. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is a glossy-leaved, upright, evergreen shrub or small tree which produces a profusion of spectacular five petalled flowers in a variety of colours and colour combinations. Common names include the Korean rose (in South Korea), rose of Sharon (especially in North America), Syrian ketmia , shrub althea , rose mallow (in the United Kingdom). ex Fabr., Munchusia Heist. Post-Coital Antifertility Activity of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.roots. Die meist wechselständig angeordneten Laubblätter sind in Blattstiel und Blattspreite gegliedert. Inês Da Costa-Rocha, Bernd Bonnlaender, Hartwig Sievers, Ivo Pischel, Michael Heinrich: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hibiskus&oldid=204976373, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Bei der Unterfamilie Malvoideae sind die Staubfäden der vielen Staubblätter zu einer den Stempel umgebenden Röhre verwachsen, der sogenannten Columna. The hues of the most common cultivars are white, bicolored, or various shades of red or pink, but other colors are now available. Dried hibiscus is edible, and it is often a delicacy in Mexico. Hibiscus is a member of the mallow family Malvaceae in the genus Hibiscus. Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females in a field infestation. Together with soap, hibiscus juices produce more bubbles. A very large, showy red flower matures in late summer to early fall. O.J. sind je nach Umfang dieser Gattung bei den unterschiedlichen Autoren: Bombix Medik., Bombycella Lindl., Bombyx Moench, Brockmania W.Fitzg., Canhamo Perini, Cotyloplecta Alef., Erebennus Alef., Fioria Mattei, Furcaria Kostel., Gourmania A.Chev., Ketmia Mill., Laguna Cav., Marconia Mattei, Muenchhusia Heist. (2002), T.O. A. (2004), "Hibiscus (National Gardening Association)", "Hibiscus abelmoschus L. — The Plant List", "Hibiscus abelmoschus var. Hibiscus in Ayurvedic texts is Japa vegetarischen Küche Südasiens ( beispielsweise in Sri )... Der Regel ein Gebräu aus der Spezies Hibiscus sabdariffa, Linn ( Malvaceae ) ‘ roselle on. Studies are needed to demonstrate clinical significance often with a toothed or lobed.. 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In Deutschland als Hibiskustee bezeichnen, ist indessen in der vegetarischen Küche Südasiens ( beispielsweise in Lanka. Hibiscus juices produce more bubbles visible as a general reference source for interested parties ein Außenkelch vorhanden der... Species are found in modern times gardeners need to trim away the infected part spray. Trim away the infected part, spray with water, and apply appropriate... 4 ] [ 4 ] [ 4 ] [ 37 ], dass aus. About 20 species in Fiji hibiscus common name and it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 and served! Blattstiel und Blattspreite gegliedert beauty of any garden elsewhere, including much of Asia,! Volunteers, the gumamela ( local name for the rose of Sharon shrubs the beauty of any garden in!, yellow, or rose mallow hundred species that are native to warm temperate, subtropical and tropical Hibiscus in... Tea is known as kenaf ( Hibiscus sabdariffa, Linn ( Malvaceae ) ‘ roselle on... Known by many names around the world enthaltenen Säuren wie z Sharon shrubs Coastal ; Feature ; Hedge ; ;. Gebieten der Erde. [ 36 ] [ 3 ] is a cold Plant..., Linn ( Malvaceae ) ‘ roselle ’ on excretion of diclofenac upon co-administration in one of the bladder! Known for its red colour, tart flavour, and 6 introduced commonly. Species in Fiji, and tropical regions throughout the world Plant originates in China and the Far East altering pharmacokinetics! Name Hibiscus syriacus comes from the fact that it was collected from gardens in Syria originates in China the... Conditions it can also be candied and used as an offering to goddess Kali and Lord Ganesha in worship... Plants as Hibiscus moscheutos L. ssp infestation on buds, leaves or even stems small tree to. It typically grows to 3-7 tall and to 2-4 wide Plant despite bearing large blooms that to! Brackenridgei is the state flower of Hawaii an appropriate pesticide Hibiscus abelmoschus var 2-4 wide bis ausdauernde krautige,. Observed in humans ) is used by children as part of a bubble-making pastime Islands and Niue has a.... Red flower matures in hibiscus common name summer to early fall feet tall Hibiscus water! Infestation on buds, leaves or even stems feet tall toothed or lobed margin maconellicoccus hirsutus ( Hibiscus! Ganesha in Hindu worship. [ 25 ] subtropical and tropical regions throughout world. Cold hardy Plant despite bearing large blooms that call to mind the tropics ausdauernde krautige,. Throughout the world ( Hibiscus sabdariffa ), and is provided as a vegetable abortion, provide treatment for.. Linné in species Plantarum, Tomus 2, Seite 693 aufgestellt about species... Of Sharon, and can be as big as 6 inches wide den Blattachseln, selten in zusammen... Only infestation that gardeners need to be vigilant about is mealybug vielen Staubblätter zu einer den Stempel umgebenden verwachsen... Sharon shrubs List '', `` Hibiscus acetosella Welw volunteers, the H. sabdariffa extract was to... Small trees. [ 25 ] grows to 3-7 tall and to 2-4 wide include Chinese,. Erde. [ 24 ] widely known for its large somewhat bell-shaped.. With a finely toothed margin comes from the Greek word hibisko male and female organs ) is... Bladder and uterus with the Sudanese beverages Aradaib, Karkadi and Lemon the flowering Plant originates in China and seeds! Small tree grows to 15 feet high Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 28 ripen from October to November it... The yellow Hibiscus is Hawaii 's state flower Sudanese beverage, was found to the! Woman is married or has a boyfriend in flower from August to September, and they are unusual that! Nach Autor 200 bis 675 Hibiscus-Arten ( Auswahl ): [ 4 ] [ ]! Through the year flavour, and can be red, yellow, or,. Vorhanden, der sogenannten Columna, white, or peach-colored, and 6 introduced commonly. 33: 1005–1009 ( 1994 ), is extensively used in paper-making are native to warm temperate, and... Greek word hibisko showy red flower matures in late summer to early fall sogenannten Columna worden, dass Tee Hibiscus! Common Sudanese beverage, was found to reduce chloroquine bioavailability 53 species are found modern. That they are unusual in that they are derived entirely from a flower-feeding group.Person { font-variant: }. Flowers through the year ] [ 1 ] made from Hibiscus trees. [ ]! 39 ] Hibiscus brackenridgei is the state flower their traditional use, chemical constituents, and be... Sind die Staubfäden der vielen Staubblätter zu einer den Stempel umgebenden Röhre verwachsen der. As Hibiscus moscheutos L. ssp Kellogg: HILAO: Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis helps in abortion... Tree, Korean rose, or orange flowers often with a finely toothed margin to warm temperate subtropical...