Racial Profiling can be described as an individual being suspected of a crime solely on the grounds of their race or ethnicity. And, organizations need to acknowledge that just as each of us can stereotype, so too can their members, even if there is no institutional policy that allows the use of, encourages or even tolerates profiling. Chartrand, “The Unbearable Automaticity of Being” (July 1999) 54 American Psychologist 462-479. )T Profiling definition is - the act or process of extrapolating information about a person based on known traits or tendencies; specifically : the act of suspecting or targeting a person on the basis of observed characteristics or behavior. Similarly, those in a position of power may consciously or unconsciously exercise that power differently when dealing with racialized persons. Therefore, saying that profiling occurs should not necessarily be interpreted as an accusation that those who engage in it are racist.[4]. They nevertheless emphasized that racial profiling can occur because of the challenges of the job. A few of the examples of profiling we heard during the inquiry include: Although anyone can experience profiling, racialized persons are primarily affected. A number of people who described themselves as Caucasian or White also participated in the inquiry and recounted witnessing incidents of profiling or experiencing profiling as a result of their relationship with a person from one of these other communities. That is, the police officer need not be an overt racist. The Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse has adopted the following definition of racial profiling1: “Racial profiling is any action taken by one or more people in authority with res-pect to a person or group of persons, for reasons of safety, security or public or- Indeed, a frank exploration of each of our own assumptions and biases would lead many of us to realize that at some point or other we have stereotyped someone. Racial or ethnic profiling is the act of suspecting or targeting a person on the basis of assumed characteristics or behavior of a racial or ethnic group, rather than on individual suspicion. It has long been recognized that the Canadian justice system is fraught with racism that disproportionately impacts Black people and communities across the country, resulting in racial profiling, harsher sentencing, mistreatment in prison, denial of services, and other injustices which can be compounded for people with intersecting identities (e.g. uncountable noun Racial profiling is government or police activity that involves using people’s racial and cultural characteristics to identify people to investigate....controversies involving racial profiling and corruption. Critics ask Is it racist, or is a necessary part of law enforcement. The article quotes Bill Currie, Deputy Commissioner of the Ontario Provincial Police as having said: Membership in vocational associations and trade unions, Paying the price: The human cost of racial profiling, The impact of racial profiling on the Aboriginal community, Appendix A: Major reports relevant to racial profiling and Aboriginal peoples, http://www.psc-cfc.gc.ca/publications/monogra/mono3_e.htm>. How to use profiling in a sentence. The fact that racial profiling may occur on a subconscious level has been recognized, for example by the Ontario Court of Appeal in, B. Powell, “Police Chiefs Told To Help The Helpless”. “The police have a tough job to do.... We all have built in stereotypes and instincts that sometimes we count on.” (S.P. ), “The cops should not judge us all the same and the public should not judge all police officers the same.” (N.W. However the ones that do it manage to give the entire organization a negative image.” (R.G. While xenophobia —or fear of those unlike ourselves —has long been a part of human cultures, the concept of race first appeared in the English language around the 17th century. Black Muslims, Black LGBTQ2S folks, etc. What if racial profiling is not only morally wrong but also ineffective? Stories about racial profiling constantly appear in the news, but that doesn’t mean the public has a good grasp on what this discriminatory practice is. The African Canadian Legal Clinic, based in Toronto, has adopted the following definition: “Racial profiling is criminal profiling based on race. Racial Profiling By 2002, the Toronto Star began publication of a series of articles on the topic of race and crime. Laws like SB 1070 demean us all. Prejudice is in all of us and if you are in a position of power you can wield it.” (N.S. (3d) 161 at 165: “The attitude underlying racial profiling is one that may be consciously or unconsciously held. In “ Singled Out ”, the Star’s analysis of arrest data from the Toronto Police Services revealed that Black Canadians were highly over-represented in certain offence categories, including drug possession and trafficking. At the time the ideology explained some political and economic conflicts in parts of the world, and legitimized the dominant role of British capitalism in the world economic system. And, it is a particular concern when people act on their stereotypical views in a way that affects others. Prior to Learn more. Racial profiling is one of the most common and harmful forms of racism faced by racialized people in their interaction with the criminal justice system. Harris is considered to be one of this nation's leading authorities. Such an asymmetry has emerged as a consequence that has affected how the legal rights in regards to the ways the police powers are treated when applying the power of search, investig… While many of the existing definitions of racial profiling, primarily originating in the United States, focus on law enforcement, the Ontario Human Rights Commission’s Terms of Reference define racial profiling more broadly to include any action undertaken for reasons of safety, security or public protection that relies on stereotypes about race, colour, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, or place of origin rather than on reasonable suspicion, to single out an individual for greater scrutiny or different treatment. Without a doubt, 9/11 generated a hitherto unmarked level of interest in racial profiling on the part of legislators, the media, and scholars.' Sharpen your thoughts on racial profiling with this definition. J.A. Racial Profiling in Canada 1296 Words | 6 Pages. At its heart, profiling is about stereotyping people based on preconceived ideas about a person’s character. Racial Profiling and the War against Terrorism Controversies over racial profiling are hardly new in Canada. His or her conduct may be based on subconscious racial stereotyping.”[5] B. Powell, “Police Chiefs Told To Help The Helpless” The Toronto Star (26 August 2003). Racial profiling refers to the inappropriate targeting of racial and ethnic groups by police officers and other law enforcement officials. Racial profiling, however, is not limited only to an individual's ethnicity or race, but can also be based on the individual's religion, or national origin. racial profiling meaning: 1. the practice by the police of thinking that people of a particular race or colour will behave in…. [4] The fact that racial profiling may occur on a subconscious level has been recognized, for example by the Ontario Court of Appeal in R. v. Brown (2003), 64 O.R. According to the Ontario Human Rights Commission “Racial profiling is based on stereotypical assumptions because of one’s race, colour, ethnicity, etc.” whereas criminal profiling “relies on actual behaviour or on information about suspected activity by someone who meets the description of a specific individual” (Facts Sheet, para 2). Racial profiling is different from criminal profiling. Similarly, many acknowledged that many persons in an organization may be doing their job admirably but that others, who are stereotyping, are having a significant impact on the community and its perception of the organization as a whole. 1. a form of racism consisting of the (alleged) policy of policemen who stop and search vehicles driven by persons belonging to particular racial groups For the purposes of its inquiry, the Commission’s definition for "racial profiling" is any action undertaken for reasons of safety, security or public protection, that relies on stereotypes about race, colour, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, or place of origin, or a combination of these, rather than on a reasonable suspicion, to single out an individual for greater scrutiny or different treatment. a landlord asks a Chinese student to move out because she believes that the tenant will expose her to SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) even though the tenant has not been to any hospitals, facilities or countries associated with a high risk of SARS. race, ethnic origin, place of origin, religion) in acquiring, processing and recalling information about others. We do this because it allows us to organize and simplify complex situations and give us greater confidence in our ability to understand, predict and potentially control situations. ), “I do not think that all the individuals that are in this organization display racial profiling characteristics or stereotypical judgments. The African Nova Scotian community is subjected to much greater police surveillance and racial profiling compared with … Critics ask Is it racist, or is a necessary part of law enforcement. The Commission has noted that profiling can occur because of a combination of the above factors and that age and/or gender can influence the experience of profiling. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Bargh & T.L. Racial profiling is a form of discrimination. Racial Profiling and Human Rights in Canada examines a combination of psychological, sociological, organizational, political, and community perspectives, resulting in a holistic, multi-faceted approach to understanding the phenomenon of racial profiling and to pre-empting or eradicating it. Chartrand, “The Unbearable Automaticity of Being” (July 1999) 54 American Psychologist 462-479. Discussing a concern with profiling is not the same as saying that every member of an organization profiles, that profiling is an intentional policy of the organization or even that it is an intentional action of those who engage in it. First and foremost, it is the Commission’s view that racial profiling is primarily a mindset. Although anyone can experience profiling, racialized persons are primarily affected. Practical experience and psychology both confirm that anyone can stereotype, even people who are well meaning and not overtly biased. In European countries, the term "ethnic profiling" is also used instead of racial profiling. "The idea that immigration officers don't racially profile is nonsense," he said. This is what leads to profiling. The ambiguity of the phrase “racial profiling” has found itself favoured in the Canadian Courts. a landlord asks a Chinese student to move out because she believes that the tenant will expose her to SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) even though the tenant has not been to any hospitals, facilities or countries associated with a high risk of SARS. However, 9/11 changed both the tenor and the nature of the debate. North Americans began to use the term in their scientific writings by the late 18th century. … ), It is also important to note that concerns with profiling relate directly to the concepts of discretion and power. The jurisprudential term “articulable cause” in Canada equates to lack of “reasonable grounds” in the U.S., which is regarded as de jure evidence concerning “racial profiling” even when specific evidence on racial biasness is missing. Profiling can occur in many contexts involving safety, security and public protection issues. For the purposes of its inquiry, the Commission’s definition for "racial profiling" is any action undertaken for reasons of safety, security or public protection, that relies on stereotypes about race, colour, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, or place of origin, or a combination of these, rather than on a reasonable suspicion, to single out an individual for greater scrutiny or different treatment. While profiling can be intentional, it can also be inadvertent. This was recently acknowledged by one of Ontario’s top law enforcement officials at the 98th annual conference of the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police.[5]. 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