Ephesians 2:8. by Grant | May 21, 2015 | Ephesians | 8 comments. We are born from above. The phrase in the text is, as always in this Epistle, theologically exact. 1. Hughes, R. Kent, Ephesians: The Mystery of the Body of Christ, 1990, Crossway Books. See note, And what a reasonable, beautiful, and delightful condition proffered is this—simple coming into obedience to and harmony with God by a pure act of free, submitting, and confiding faith. But is not salvation as internal as faith? In Christ we have received an inheritance as God's own people. Then in Ephesians 2:8-10, Paul summarized God's scheme of redemption. N.T. It was a busy port and the centre of much trade. Ephesians 2. 2:8 For by grace you are saved through faith, and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God; 2:9 it is not from works, so that no one can boast. Justification by faith alone, is simply pardon enjoyed on the one condition of taking it. NIV: New International Version Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Ephesians 2:8 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources. Ephesians 1 Ephesians 3 ... Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes. The apostle says works, without qualification or limitation. Eph. Baumgarten-Crusius argues that the allusion is to πίστις, because the word δῶρον proves that the reference must be to something internal-auf Innerliches. In the first verse he speaks of their internal state, in this of their outward conversation: Wherein, in which trespasses and sins, in time past you walked, you lived and behaved yourselves in such a manner as the men of the world are used to do. It is the uniform doctrine of the New Testament, that no man is saved against his will; and his desire to be saved is proved by his belief of the Divine testimony. A. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast." And to all who have any proper sense of the holiness of God and of the evil of sin, it is an intuition; and therefore a gratuitous salvation, a salvation which excludes with works all ground of boasting, is the only salvation suited to the relation of guilty men to God. St. Paul now returns to it and works it out, before passing on, in Ephesians 2:11, to draw out by “wherefore” the conclusion from Ephesians 2:1-7. [Note: See Roy L. Aldrich, "The Gift of God," Bibliotheca Sacra122:487 (July-September1965):248-53; and Gary L. Nebeker, "Is Faith a Gift of God? Try it for 30 days FREE. Verses 2:8-9 open our eyes up to the whole reason God devised our salvation in Jesus. Whether this passage proves it or not, it is certainly true that faith is the gift of God. The words from καὶ τοῦτο to the end of the verse may be read parenthetically—“By grace are ye saved, through faith (and t hat not of yourselves: it is the gift of God), not of works;” that is, “By grace ye are saved, through faith,” “not of works.” Even with this understanding of the paragraph, the difficulty still remains, and the idea of such a parenthesis cannot be well entertained, for the ἐξ ὑμῶν corresponds to the ἐξ ἔργων. It is at once the due act of a yielding rebel to a rightful sovereign, and of a returning prodigal to a rightful and ever gracious parent. Faith is feminine. The phrase οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων must have salvation, and not faith, as its reference. This is an inference from the former statements. It is the , not the explanatory that has the first place in Paul’s thoughts here.— : and that not of yourselves. Some of the oldest manuscripts read, "through your (literally, 'the') faith." Only God’s grace could make that available to you. Faith, therefore, is the mere causa apprehendens, the simple act of accepting, and not the ground on which salvation is bestowed. The two nouns “grace” and “faith” have each the article, as they express ideas which are at once familiar, distinctive, and monadic in their nature; the article before χάριτι, referring us at the same time to the anarthrous term at the close of the fifth verse, and that before πίστεως, giving it a subjective reference, is best rendered, as Alford says, by a possessive. [Note: See Morris, p104; and Ren A. Lpez, "Is Faith a Gift from God or a Human Exercise?". 1. Both alike God"s gifts. '', "Here you ask a wonderful theological/exegetical question to which I can only give an opinion, and not a definitive answer. You can find the best commentary on Ephesians for … Salvation is the gift of God through faith! Ephesians 2:8–9 says an emphatic NO. Ephesians 2:8-22 English Standard Version (ESV). —Not merely converted, justified, and sanctified; but gloriously, —saved from death, the devil, and hell; saved to resurrection, Christ, God, and glory, in the full sight of the endless, —As the instrument in God’s hands; the handle by which he gets hold of us to snatch us from Satan and spring us into heaven. 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. (Bristow), Ephesians 2:8 “for by grace have ye been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God”. God has blessed us with spiritual blessings, and has made us his adopted children. The giver gets credit for the gift, not the receiver. Grace is feminine. For by grace you have been saved through faith. These verses confirm the preceding declaration. Many critics, however, as Doddridge, Beza, Piscator, and Chrysostom, maintain that the word "that" (τοῦτο touto) refers to "faith" (πίστις pistis); and Doddridge maintains that such a use is common in the New Testament. Through faith - the hand which apprehends Christ unto salvation, nerved by the power of Christ's resurrection (Ephesians 1:19-20; Philippians 3:10), whereby we are 'raised together' with him (Ephesians 2:6; Colossians 2:12). I surely cannot save myself. NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. "FOR BY GRACE ARE YOU SAVED THROUGH FAITH." the Christian requirement of the condition of salvation. There will indeed be display in heaven. Salvation is an abnormal process, and “grace is no more grace” if it is of necessary exhibition. Ephesians 2:8-9, The Purpose of Salvation, list six special characteristics of our salvation in Christ including the surprising purpose for saving us in Christ. 'God justifies the believing man, not for the worthiness of his belief, but for the worthiness of Him in whom he believes' (Hooker). Ephesians 3:7 occur the words- κατὰ τὴν δωρεὰν τῆς χάριτος τοῦ θεοῦ … χάρις being the thing given, and δωρεάν pointing out its mode of bestowment. For it is. Even the translators of the NASV understood the "gift" to be salvation. by John Eadie. It is our "own mind" that repents; our own heart that feels; our own eyes that weep - and without this there can he no true repentance. As a matter of grammar this opinion is certainly doubtful, if not untenable; but as a matter of theology it is a question of very little importance. And what a reasonable, beautiful, and delightful condition proffered is this—simple coming into obedience to and harmony with God by a pure act of free, submitting, and confiding faith. Our, , as an act, natural and divinely empowered, is from, The structure of that salvation requires all the. Ephesians 2:8-9 KJV For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. We will see that it is because Paul explains both why God has saved us as he has in Christ as well as what He has saved us for! And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins, a. 2. Ephesians 1:3-14. Ephesians 1:15-23. If by faith, it is of grace; if of works, it is of debt; as the apostle argues in Romans 4:4, Romans 4:5. Verse 8 (Ephesians 2:8.) Summary & Commentary. Not of yourselves—The whole structure of the apostle’s view of our rescue from the depths, and exaltation to the heights, and our consequent utter gratitude to God, is wholly overthrown if ours is a self-salvation. God calls us His workmanship or His artwork, from the Greek word Even though he scarce feel his safety or be relieved from his tremor, he is still a saved man; yea, though the angry winds may howl around him, and though hours may elapse ere he set his feet on the firm land. (1) Christians are alive from the dead. Here we have the Christian view of man’s deepest need, and God’s greatest gift. ‘Good works are never the cause of salvation but ought to be its fruit’. It is “by grace.”. In addition, it also includes a life of faithfulness following the initial conversion experience (2 Timothy 2:11-13). The need for reconciliation. “It is the gift of God”: “The gift is God’s” (TCNT). It is his right to drop us into nothingness any moment he pleases, and no wrong is done us. If men have been spiritually dead, and if they now enjoy spiritual life, then surely they are saved. θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον—“God's is the gift.” God's gift is the gift-the genitive θεοῦ being the emphatic predicate in opposition to ὑμῶν. Compare Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 6:6; Philippians 1:28; Hebrews 11:12. In the Greek language, as in many others, the gender of the pronoun has to match the gender of its antecedent. That faith is indeed empowered in us by the grace underlying our probation: but that faith freely exercised by us, and seen by God, is the underlying condition of our election in time; and foreseen by God is the underlying condition in our eternal election before the foundation of the world, as described in Ephesians 1:4; Ephesians 1:11, where see notes. John Calvin did not believe Ephesians 2:8-9 teaches faith to be a gift from God. The grace of God which exists without us, takes its place as an active principle within us, being introduced into the heart and kept there by the connecting or conducting instrumentality of faith. The problem is that there is NO precise referent. For by grace are you saved. ‘This’ might with correctness refer either to salvation or to ‘faith;’ but the mass of recent commentators accept the former view, as more grammatical, as preserving better the parallelism of the passage (‘not of your-selves;’ ‘not of works’). Grace is the moving cause of salvation: faith only the instrument by which it is laid hold of. Paul now further developed the concept of grace, especially the … 83-84). Hebrew 2:8 Putting everything in subjection under his feet. And you can't take credit for … This opinion, however, does not militate at all with the doctrine that man himself "believes." And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. The answer is, by faith; and hence he concludes that nothing connected with it is our own. Ephesians 2:1. faith. On one side, we must look at God; and, on the other, at man. This declaration of the free, unmerited, conferred nature of the salvation is made the stronger not only by the contrast with the , but by the dropping of any connecting particle. The only point in the interpretation of these verses of any doubt, relates to the second clause. 2. An examination and commentary of Ephesians 2:8-9 using the rule of Bible study makes clear what these two verses teach. So soon as a man is out of danger, he is safe or “saved.” Salvation is a present blessing, though it may not be fully realized. (8) By grace are ye saved through faith.—Properly, ye have been saved; ye were saved at first, and continue in a state of salvation. 3:20; Гал. Ephesians 1:11-23. The pronoun τοῦτο does not grammatically agree with πίστεως, the nearest preceding noun, and this discrepancy has originated various interpretations. In Ephesians 2:8 and 9 Paul contends that salvation is not of man’s doing, but of God’s. If, on the part of God, it is grace alone, and if we bring nothing but faith, which strips us of all commendation, it follows that salvation does not come from us. Winer, § 47, b. Granting that καὶ τοῦτο is an idiomatic expression, and that its gender is not to be strictly taken into account, still the question recurs, What is the precise reference of δῶρον? By grace have ye been saved through faith ... Not of works, that no man should glory ... through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God, τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι διὰ τῆς πίστεως. So that we adopt the opinion of Calvin, Zachariae, Rückert, Harless, Matthies, Meyer, Scholz, de Wette, Stier, Alford, and Ellicott, who make καὶ τοῦτο refer to ἐστε σεσωσμένοι—“and this state of safety is not of yourselves.” This exegesis is presented in a modified form by Theophylact, Zanchius, Holzhausen, Chandler, and Macknight, who refer καὶ τοῦτο to the entire clause—“this salvation by faith is not of yourselves.” Theophylact says- οὐ τὴν πίστιν λέγει δῶρον θεοῦ, ἀλλὰ τὸ διὰ πίστεως σωθῆναι, τοῦτο δῶρον ἐστι θεοῦ. The former part is enforced by the words “not of works,” the latter by the declaration, “we (and all that is in us) are His workmanship.” The word here rendered “gift” is peculiar to this passage; the word employed in Romans 5:15-16; Romans 6:23, for “free gift” (charisma) having been appropriated (both in the singular and plural) to special “gifts” of grace. Extraordinary Purpose is The Bible Teaching Commentary based on Ephesians 2:8-9. The apostle says—“By grace ye are saved,” and then—“It is the gift of God;” the same idea being virtually repeated. Ephesians 2:8–9 says, "For by grace you have been saved through faith. We are born from above. Gracious, indeed! 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.. One in Christ. Ephesians 2:10, ESV: "For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them." The manifestation of the grace of God is the great end of redemption. For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift … That is the sovereignty of God. For - illustrating 'the exceeding riches of His grace in kindness.' The *temple of thegoddess (female god) Diana (or Artemis) was there. The words denote a present state, and not merely “an established process.” Green's Gram. He wrote it to people in the town called Ephesus. To say: ‘Ye are saved by faith; not of yourselves; your salvation is the gift of God; it is not of works,' is saying the same thing over and over without any progress. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, Verses eight and nine show how Christians enter into a saved state (v.5). That is, not as proceeding from yourselves or of your own performance. Likewise faith is not a meritorious work. At one time, *Greek leaders had ruled Ephesus.Now the *Romans ruled the city. Spiritual life is not of the nature of a subsidy supplementing dogged exertion or ruthless self-flagellation, but a largess from the overflowing well-spring of divine compassion, lavished on a set of spiritual incapables." 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. For by grace, etc. The conditions of the first economy had been violated, and the guilty transgressor had only to anticipate the infliction of the penalty which he had so wantonly incurred. In which regard the whole theological issue of "regeneration preceding faith" comes into play. 3. Calvinism presents a picture of a God who desires all men to be saved (2 Peter 3:9), and yet at the same time refuses to give all men the faith they need to gain salvation. Ephesians 2:8. τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι: for by grace have ye been saved. The initiation, as well as the increase, of faith, is from the Spirit of God, not only by an external proposal of the word, but by internal illumination in the soul [Pearson]. Ephesians 2:8-10 English Standard Version (ESV). What is the context of Ephesians 2:8-9? “Through faith”: God does not have any problem in attaching conditions to grace. Grace, faith, and works are three terms which we must understand to comprehend the scheme of redemption. And this is not of yourselves - This refers to the whole … So of faith. And this not of yourselves; the gift is God’s. Misconceptions of these words have produced much confusion about how God saves men from sin. οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων —“Not of works”-the explanation of οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν.The apostle uses διά with the article before πιστεως in the previous verse, but here ἐξ without the article before ἔργων-the former referring to the subjective instrument, … I would not contend, therefore, about the grammatical construction of this passage, with respect to the point of the theology contained in it; still it accords better with the obvious grammatical construction, and with the design of the passage to understand the word "that" as referring not to "faith" only, but to "salvation by grace." Благодать Божья предопределяет все аспекты спасения (ср. Ephesians 1:15; Ephesians 3:1). p. 144. ad Pind. for it was while dead to God and alive to and with the devil, that God loved us and laid the plan of our rescue. by simply receiving or apprehending the offered blessing. And so he adds, not of yourselves; that claiming nothing for themselves, they may acknowledge God alone as the author of their salvation. The apostle adds more precisely and fully-. Calvinism needs to be seriously opposed, because it makes God look dishonest and hypocritical. (Read all of Ephesians 2) Verse 1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; And he hath quickened you — In the nineteenth and twentieth verses of the preceding chapter, St. Paul spoke of God's working in them by the same almighty power whereby he raised Christ from the dead. That’ it—Both, as well as not of works, in next verse, refer to being saved, and not to faith. Ephesians 2:8, KJV: "For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:" Ephesians 2:8, NASB: "For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;" Ephesians 2:8, NLT: "God saved you by his grace when you believed. Hence to lay especial stress on salvation accords better with the whole idea of this Epistle—the continuous indwelling in Christ—than to bring out, as in the Epistle to the Romans, the one complete act of justification for His sake. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, Verses eight and nine show how Christians enter into a saved state (v.5). While, then, καὶ τοῦτο seems to refer to the idea contained in the participle only, it would seem that in θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον there is allusion to the entire clause-God's is the whole gift. He has told us about his choice and purpose. … But what is the point of reference? The dative χάριτι, on which from its position the emphasis lies, expresses the source of our salvation, and the genitive πίστεως with διά denotes its subjective means or instrument. In chap. (h) So then, grace, that is to say, the gift of God, and faith, stand with one another, to which two it is contrary to be saved by ourselves, or by our works. 10 For we are God’s handiwork, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do. The Completeness Of Discipleship Series Contributed by David Owens on Nov 16, 2020 based on 1 rating | 898 views. (Ephesians Commentary 2) In Genesis 2 before Eve had been created, God warned Adam… but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you shall surely die." Paul prays that God will give the Ephesian Christians a spirit of wisdom and revelation. 1. 1 Corinthians 6:8; Hebrews 11:12; Matthiae, § 470, 6. [Note: _ New American Standard. 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