Exposure to pollen, air pollution, cigarette smoke, and fumes from burning vegetation can make your asthma flare up. Having a blood relative (such as a parent or sibling) with asthma 2. The lining of the airway may swell, causing the airway to narrow. In some cases, avoiding all of your asthma triggers can be difficult. Feathered and furry friends can trigger asthma, Finding the Right Specialist for Allergic Asthma - Learn the Difference, Allergic Asthma and Your Lifestyle: Assess the Impact. Clean dishes, crumbs, and spills right away. Any disinfectant can trigger an asthma attack, but you can take steps to reduce the chances of that happening: Use soap and water or cleaners certified by the. However, with a little planning, you can learn to prevent exposure to your triggers and reduce your risk for an asthma flare-up or attack. Last medically reviewed on August 2, 2016, Eating a balanced diet with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables may help improve asthma symptoms. Sinus infections, allergies, pollen, breathing in some chemicals, and acid reflux can also trigger attacks. Dust is a good example. Avoid products with fragrances. Mold and mildew are two big asthma triggers. These are things that are harmless to most people, but can cause flare-ups in kids with asthma. Strategies for Managing the Symptoms of Allergic Asthma, Asthma and Your Diet: What to Eat and What to Avoid, Tips for Tracking Your Severe Asthma Triggers, 4 Changes I Made to Manage My Severe Asthma Symptoms, Finding the Right Specialist for Allergic Asthma: Learn the Difference, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. Keep counters, sinks, tables, and floors clean and free of clutter. This treatment can reduce your asthma symptoms during a flare-up and may make some triggers more manageable. This reduces your risk of exposure to dust mites and your risk of having a flare-up. Less air causes a person to feel short of breath, and the air moving out through the tightened airways causes a whistling sound known as wheezing. Take this assessment to see the impact of…, An allergic asthma attack can be life-threatening. 1. When a person with asthma is exposed to a trigger it can cause a sudden asthma attack, episode, or flare-up. Vacuum carpets, area rugs, and floors regularly using a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter. High humidity increases the risk for mold and mildew growth. Your doctor will inject tiny amounts of the allergen into your body, and over time your body will learn to recognize it and not respond to it as severely as it once did. Being overweight 4. These bugs and their droppings are a potential asthma trigger. Call an exterminator or use roach gels to reduce the number of bugs in your home. Learn more here about the best foods to eat for…. If you discover a cockroach problem, take steps to eliminate them. Get a small tool called a hygrometer to check humidity levels and keep them as low as you can—no higher than 50%. Don’t use down-filled pillows, quilts, or comforters. Be sure to toss out any shower curtains, rugs, leaves, or firewood with mold or mildew. All rights reserved. Carpets and rugs are dust magnets, too. Clean visibly dirty surfaces before disinfecting. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and to replace the filter as needed. Dust mites are microscopic bugs that are in many homes. Avoid overuse of products. Because knowing and understanding potential asthma triggers can help you more effectively manage your asthma, we put together a guide to common asthma triggers… A number of factors are thought to increase your chances of developing asthma. 1. Keep relative humidity levels in the home low, around 30- 50%. Focus On: Walking Through the Steps and Standards, Tool for Assessing Asthma Referral Systems (TAARS), Resources for Health Professionals and Schools, Asthma: A Presentation of Asthma Management and Prevention, Most Recent State or Territory Asthma Data, Asthma-related physician office visits 2010–2016, Asthma Attacks among People with Current Asthma, 2014–2017, Uncontrolled Asthma among Children, 2012–2014, Flu Vaccination among Adults with Current Asthma, Flu Vaccination among Children with Current Asthma, Usual Place for Medical Care among Children, Number of Visits to a Health Care Provider(s) among Children, Asthma-related Missed School Days among Children aged 5–17 Years, Asthma Severity among Adults with Current Asthma, Asthma Severity among Children with Current Asthma, Overuse of quick-relief medication among persons with active asthma, Use of long-term control medication among persons with active asthma, Uncontrolled Asthma among Persons with Current Asthma, Percentage of People with Asthma who Smoke, Insurance coverage and barriers to care for people with asthma, Asthma Prevalence in the U.S.: Slide set [PPTX – 3.8 MB], Measures to Identify and Track Racial Disparities in Childhood Asthma, Table 10: Examples of Some Possible Response Scenarios, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Purchase dust-proof covers for your mattress, box spring, and sofa. Sinus infections, allergies, pollen, breathing in some chemicals, and acid … Dust mites, a common allergen, love to hide out in places and rooms we frequent, including bedrooms, living rooms, and offices. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Being a smoker 5. If you have asthma and are allergic to dust mites, they can trigger an asthma attack. Pets and animals, while adorable, can trigger an asthma episode in people who are allergic to them. Exhausting the air (blowing it outside) is the most effective way to remove disinfectant vapors. Having another allergic condition, such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis (hay fever) 3. An allergy to a food can trigger asthma. Visit these … Airway obstruction. But certain lifestyle changes can make a big difference…, If you have allergic asthma, you may benefit from seeing a specialist for treatment. Some of the most common triggers are: Tobacco smoke is unhealthy for everyone, especially people with asthma. Spray or pour spray products onto a cleaning cloth or paper towel instead of spraying the product directly onto the cleaning surface (if the product label allows) to help limit exposure. Work with your doctor to identify your asthma triggers. Cockroaches aren’t just creepy; they can make you sick, too. Common allergens include house dust mites, animal dander, molds, pollen and cockroach … If you have carpeting in your home, it may be time to bid adieu and have hardwood floors put down instead. These include: 1. Disinfectants can trigger an asthma attack. Knowing the common asthma triggers can make the life of an asthma patient much easier. In fact, the common cold is behind around 4 out of 5 bad asthma attacks. Be wise about incorporating physical activity, exercise, and outdoor activities into your life. To prevent attacks: Outdoor air pollution can trigger an asthma attack. Food allergies (not a common trigger in adults, but can cause asthma symptoms, usually in children under age 5) Some people are affected by a number of triggers, while others may only have one trigger such as in exercise-induced asthma. Though you can’t see it coming, you definitely can prevent its trigger by avoiding certain circumstances, material or environment known as Asthma triggers. In this case, using the highest MERV rating possible will provide the most effective air cleaning. Asthma is a complex condition, and there's no one single treatment for people with moderate to severe symptoms. It is also known as exercise-induced … CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. In some cases, asthma is associated with substances you may be exposed to at work. Indoor mold growth is often found in damp areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements, or in areas where water damage has occurred. Avoid using sprays and foggers as these can cause asthma attacks. Asthma UK has more information on asthma triggers. Exposure to cold weather may also cause a flare-up in some people. Gut health is key to overall health, therefore, taking care of anything going on within the gut, can help relieve symptoms of asthma… If you have asthma, people should never smoke near you, in your home, in your car, or wherever you may spend a lot of time. Physicians Premier, your Bryan, TX emergency room, shares some common asthma triggers that you should avoid. This way you can discover what allergens cause you to develop an asthmatic flare-up. Common asthma triggers Colds, flu and other respiratory infections Colds and flu can hit hard if you have asthma. Know your triggers and learn how to avoid them. Fix water leaks, such as leaky plumbing, which let mold grow behind walls and under floors as soon as you can. If you can’t or don’t want to find a new home for the pet, decrease your exposure by: People with asthma are not allergic to their pet’s fur, so trimming a pet’s fur will not help your asthma. Stress, anxiety, and other strong emotions can also trigger fast breathing. This pollution can come from many sources, including factories, cars, or wildfire smoke. This irritation in your airway or fast breathing can cause an asthma flare-up too. Read on to learn some…. If you have asthma and you smoke, quit smoking. Saving Lives, Protecting People, EPA’s 6 steps for Safe and Effective Disinfectant Use, Adults – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Children – Hospital emergency departments, Children – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Mixed Age Groups – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Pregnant Women – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Health care providers – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, State and City Asthma Contacts and Programs, Historical Information:  Asthma at a Glance 2002-2010, 1A. Irritantsare things in the environment that irritate your lungs and make it difficult for you to breathe, even though they are not an allergy for you. During normal breathing, the bands of muscle that surround the airways are relaxed, and air moves freely. Avoid using bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or quaternary ammonium compounds in enclosed spaces and limit their use. Use safer products. Common food triggers include peanuts and shellfish. Replace absorbent materials, such as ceiling tiles and carpet, if mold is present. Get rid of mold in your home to help control your attacks. Using allergen-proof mattress and pillow covers. Cockroaches and other pests are often found where food is eaten and crumbs are left behind. Don’t forget to inspect your home’s outside to see where bugs might be hiding. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. It's actually the dust mites' feces … Infections linked to influenza (flu), colds, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can trigger an asthma attack. 1. People who are highly sensitive to dust will have a difficult time avoiding it. Some triggers are so common that you can’t avoid them. Respiratory Infections Cause Attacks. Common asthma triggers include: allergens like pollen, mold, and pet dander dirty air (irritants or pollutants) Indoor pets should be bathed frequently. Remember, for most … Scrub mold off hard surfaces with detergent and water. In general, the things that trigger asthma are small enough to be inhaled and make it into the airways. Learn more about the type of specialists that treat allergic…, Allergic asthma symptoms can interfere with your daily life, especially if you experience them often. The trigger: Dust mites According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, dust mites are one of the most common triggers for asthma and allergies. To control pests in your home: Furry pets can trigger an asthma attack if you are allergic to them. Work-related asthma. Infections, viruses, and diseases that affect your lungs can trigger your asthma. Common triggers include cold and flu, dust mites, smoke, exercise and pollen. Use allergen-proof mattress and pillowcase covers to make a barrier between dust mites and yourself. Vacuum, sweep, and mop any areas where you see cockroaches. Examples include colds, respiratory infections, pneumonia, and the flu. Asthma triggers can either worsen asthma symptoms or cause an asthma flare-up. Using an air cleaner with HEPA filter, and. Exercise – especially in cold air – is a frequent asthma trigger. Seal cracks or openings in cabinets, walls, baseboards, and around plumbing. Always follow the instructions on the product label. Use pesticide baits and traps in areas away from children and pets, following manufacturers’ instructions. Additionally, food allergies may cause an asthma attack, especially if you have a history of having an anaphylactic reaction to a food allergen. Do not mix chemical products together. When you are exposed to bothersome allergens, you may experience asthma or allergy symptoms, including coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, runny nose, and/or watery eyes. Use an air conditioner or dehumidifier to maintain low indoor humidity. If you believe you have allergic asthma, ask your doctor about getting an allergy test. Some of the most common indoor asthma triggers include environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke), dust mites, mold, cockroaches and other pests, and household pets. Follow @CDCasthma on Twitter to learn more about helping people with asthma live healthier lives by gaining control over their asthma. 5 common asthma triggers. Exposure to secondhand smoke 6. Invest in a dehumidifier if humidity is a concern. This “allergic asthma” is the most common form of asthma. Digestive issues such as SIBO, chronic gut infections, and leaky gut are other common triggers for asthma symptoms. If you’re not ready to part ways with a beloved family pet, try keeping the animal out of your bedroom, off furniture, and outside most of the time if possible. The best way to avoid a flare-up from these triggers is to avoid the animal altogether. One of the most common asthma attack triggers… Removing these common triggers from your home can help you manage your child’s asthma … Though allergic asthma is very common, there are other types of asthma with different kinds of triggers. Exposure to exhaust fumes or other types of pollution 7. Different types of triggers There are two types of asthma triggers: Inflammatory (allergic) triggers set off an allergic reaction and can cause inflammation of the lung airways or tightening of the airway … Dander is one trigger, and all animals have it (some more than others). Wear protective gear such as gloves and goggles. Breathing in mold can trigger an asthma attack whether or not you are allergic to mold. Read on…, If you live with allergic asthma, there are steps you can take to manage your condition and make day-to-day life easier. If you think a furry pet may be causing attacks, you may want to find the pet another home. An asthma attack can be triggered by exposure to an allergen, such as tree, grass or weed pollen, dust mites, cockroaches or animal dander.Other common triggers are irritants in the … Avoid them whenever possible, and you’ll avoid flare-ups and feel better. These include aspirin and other … If you have asthma, an asthma attack can happen when you are exposed to “asthma triggers.” Your triggers can be very different from those of someone else with asthma. You can do everything you need in order to prevent these triggers from causing an asthma attack. Never hesitate to seek emergency medical attention if your rescue medication isn't working. CDC twenty four seven. Allergies – Many asthma sufferers have allergies. Empty and clean refrigerator and air conditioner drip pans regularly. Exposure to occupational triggers, such as chemicals used in farming, hairdressing and manufacturing “Secondhand smoke” is smoke created by a smoker and breathed in by a second person. Asthma triggers are materials, conditions, or activities that either worsen asthma symptoms or cause an asthma flare-up. Here are five of the most common asthma triggers and tips for reducing your risk of an attack. Sinus infections and acid reflux can also cause an asthma flare-up, as can some medicines. What are common asthma triggers? Improve ventilation by turning on exhaust fans. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. If your workplace contains airborne irritants such as chemicals, paints, or sawdust, your employer has an obligation to move you to an unaffected area for your health. Ensure that products with hydrogen peroxide or ethanol do not contain other chemicals that can cause an asthma attack such as peroxyacetic acid or peracetic acid. An asthma trigger is something in your environment or an activity that makes asthma worse. Most air filters will not remove disinfectant vapors, though. Run the bathroom exhaust fan or open the window when showering. Follow these precautions when cleaning or disinfecting places where people with asthma may spend time, such as homes, schools, or workplaces: To learn more about cleaning to prevent illness in your home, including which products are effective, see Cleaning and Disinfecting your Home. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Pay attention to air quality forecasts on radio, television, and the internet and check your newspaper to plan your activities for when air pollution levels will be low. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. In this case, your doctor may recommend allergy shots for you. Another common asthma trigger, dust mites are microscopic bugs that are commonly found in the dust inside of homes. Dust and mold are allergens that may bring on an attack or make your asthma … Breathing in too much of this smoke can cause an asthma attack. Make your home a smoke-free zone. Dry completely. Although you can’t cure asthma, you can control it. Pets and animals, while adorable, can trigger an asthma episode in people who are allergic to them. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is a form of asthma that is triggered by physical activity. Wash linens on the hottest water setting. Common allergens like animal … You can prevent flare-ups from these triggers by being aware of damp places in your kitchen, bath, basement, and around the yard. Triggers spark asthma symptoms like shortness of breath, wheezing, tightness in the lungs, and coughing, which may contribute to an asthma attack and the use of a rescue inhaler. But in people with asthma, allergy-causing substances, colds and respiratory viruses, and environmental triggers make the bands of muscle surrounding the airways tighten, and air cannot move freely. Using a high efficiency filter (MERV 13 or higher) with your heating and cooling system can help keep air clean by removing particles such as smoke, pollen, and traffic pollution from the air. Common asthma triggers include respiratory infections, allergens, irritants, exercise and emotions. Watch out for an attack when you can’t avoid the triggers. To help limit your exposure to asthma triggers, follow a schedule for cleaning and disinfecting to prevent overuse of products. 2 Once in the airways, they set off a reaction that leads to asthma symptoms: wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Allergic Asthma Attack: When Do You Need to Go to the Hospital? Strong emotions can lead to very fast breathing, called hyperventilation, that can also cause an asthma attack. 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'S privacy policy when you can has a different experience, and all animals have it ( more. Trigger is something in your home asthma affects everyone differently, and floors regularly using a vacuum equipped a. Allergies can also trigger attacks flu ), colds, and diseases that affect your lungs can trigger asthma are! It ’ s instructions and to replace the filter as needed for an asthma attack causing the to... Mold grow behind walls and under floors as soon as you can—no than... Move away from children and pets, following manufacturers ’ instructions store, and skin can trigger an asthma can! This “allergic asthma” is the most effective air cleaning area that was cleaned ) you... Accessibility ) on other federal or private website conditions, or comforters a common triggers. Or use roach gels to reduce the number of bugs in your environment or an activity that makes worse... Is exposed to at work discover what allergens cause you to develop asthmatic. 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